Water is most vital input in agriculture and has made a significant contribution in providing stability to food grain production and self-sufficiency. This resource can be optimally used only when quantity
Declining water table and deteriorating soil health are the major concerns for sustainable agriculture in Punjab. Thus, proper emphasis should be given on the management of irrigation water resources. Laser levelling is one of the available options that promote efficient application of water.
Groundwater table is declining in the state of Punjab over the decade more than 50 cm per year. This resource can be optimally used and sustained only when quantity of water is assessed at micro level.