Framework for city climate risk assessment: Buenos Aires, Delhi, Lagos, and New York

Estimation of spatially and temporally disaggregated climate risks is a critical prerequisite for the assessment of effective ad efficient adaptation and mitigation climate change strategies and policies in complex urban areas. This interdisciplinary research reviews current literature and practices, identifies knowledge gaps, and defines future research directions for creating a risk?based climate change adaptation framework for climate and cities programs. The focus is on cities in developing and emerging economies. The framework unpacks risk into three vectors