Sustainable solid waste management in India

This study examined the present status of waste management in India, its effects on public health and the environment, and the prospects of introducing improved means of disposing municipal solid waste (MSW) in India. The systems and techniques discussed are informal and formal recycling, aerobic composting and mechanical biological treatment, small scale biomethanation, refuse derived fuel (RDF), waste-to-energy combustion (WTE), and landfill mining (or bioremediation). This report is the result of over two years of research and includes data collected from the literature, communication with professionals in India, US and Europe; and extensive field investigations by the author in India and the US. Two field visits in India over a period of fifteen weeks covered 13 cities representing all sizes and regions in India.

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