Strengthening India’s disaster preparedness with technology: a case for effective early warning systems

Early warning systems (EWS) can improve resilience against climate-related hazards by providing information for early action. However, to be effective, EWS must incorporate aspects of resilient systems. This study attempts to assess the effectiveness of nationally operated EWS and multi-hazard early warning systems (MHEWS) in mitigating the impacts of hydrometeorological hazards with a focus on floods and cyclones in India. To assess the effectiveness of EWS in India, the study proposes a novel 'vulnerability to resilience' model.